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tes of his royal person. It■ was Richelieu who first planted ■feudalism in Canada. * The king w●ould preserve it there, because with its ●teeth

  • drawn he was fond of it, and because, ■as the feudal tenure prevailed in Old Fra●nce, it was natural that it should ●prevail also in the New. But he ●continued as Richelieu had be■gun, and moulded it to the form that pleased● him. Nothing was left which could threat●en his absolute and

    undivided authority o●ver the colony. In France, a multitude of ●privileges and prescriptions still clu■ng, despite its fall, about the ancient r●uling class. Few of these were allowed to cro●ss the Atlantic, while the old, lingering a●buses, which had made the system odious■, were at

    the same time lopped away. Thus r●etrenched, Canadian feudalism was made to ●serve a double end; to produce a faint a●nd harmless reflection of Fren●ch aristocracy, and simply and practically to ●supply agencies for distributing land among th●e settlers. The nature of the■ precautions

  • which it was held to r●equire appear in the plan of admin■istration which Talon and Trac■y laid before the minister. * By the cha■rter of the Company of the Hundred Associates, ● 1627. They urge that, in view of the● distance from France, speci●al care ought to be taken to preven

    t■ changes and revolutions, aristocratic● or otherwise, in the colony, whereby■ in time sovereign jurisdictions migh■t grow up, as formerly occurred in vari■ous parts of France. * And, in re■spect to grants already made, an inquiry was ord■ered, to ascertain “if seigniors in distri■bu

    Posuere convallis quis lactus porttitor

    ting lands to their vassals have exacted any ■conditions injurious to the rights of the Cr●own and the subjection due solely to the king.”● In the same view the seignior ■was denied any voice whateve●r in the direction of government; ■and it is scarcely necessary to say t■hat the essen

  • Risus convallis quis lactus porttitor

    tial feature of feudalism i●n the day of its vitality, the requirement● of military service by the lord ■from the vassal, was utterly unknown in Can■ada. The royal governor call■ed out the militia whenever he saw fit, and s●et over it what officers he pleased. The seig■nior was usually

    Tortor convallis quis lactus porttitor

    the immediate vassal of ●the Crown, from which he had received his land g●ratuitously. In a few cases, he ma■de grants to other seigniors inferio●r in the feudal scale, and they, his vassals, g●ranted in turn to their vassals, the habitan●ts or cultivators of the soil. ** Sometimes■

    Porttitor convallis quis lactus porttitor

    * Projet de Réglement fait■ par MM. de Tracy et Talon pour la justice■ et la distribution des terres du Canada, Jan●. 24, 1667. ** ■Most of the seigniories of Canada we■re simple fiefs; but there were some exc■eptions. In 1671, the king, as a ma■rk of honor to Talon,


erecte●d his seigniory Des Islets into a ba■rony; and it was soon afterwards made an earldom■, comté. In 1676, the seigni●ory of St. Lauren


t, on the island of

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eans, once the property

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aval, and then belon

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o ■ Fran?ois Berthelot, councillor of ●the king, was erected into an e■arldom. In 1681, the seigniory of Portneu●f, belonging to Réné Robin

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eau, che■valier, was made a barony. In 1700, three ■seigniories on the south side of the St●. Lawrence were united into the barony o■f Lcngu

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